Area : 36,000 square kilometres Population : 23 million Language : Mandarin / Taiwanese / Hakka / Indigenous Languages Religion : Buddhism / Taoism / Christianity / Islam
President : Ma Ying-jeou
Formosa, Beautiful Island
aiwan is known for its towering mountains, and is reputable as a “Mountainous Island”. The island is spotted with numerous mountains over 3,000 metres. It is also home to the Northeast Asia’s tallest mountain, Yu Mountain (Yushan), which is nearly 4,000 metres in height. Besides mountains, beautiful coastal scenes are also part of Taiwan’s great natural asset. Starting from the northern tip of the island is the North Coast & Guanyin Mountain (Guanyinshan) National Scenic Area and Northeast and Yilan Coast National Scenic Area that features various sorts of coastal geography. Traveling all the way down from here, one will ﬁrst arrive at the scenic East Coast National Scenic Area and East Rift Valley National Scenic Area, and then the Dapeng Bay National Scenic Area blessed with sunshine and a tropical touch. Alongside the mountainous areas is the Maolin National Scenic Area, where a lot of indigenous people live and a place one can check out the world of the butterﬂy, Rukai stone-made houses and Natural scenes in Taiwan. Legendary tales depict subtle beauty of Ali Mountain (Alishan) National Scenic Area, where you can enjoy the relaxing scenes of sunrise & cloud sea. The natural setting of Sun Moon Lake National Scenic Area, eagle-spotting at Bagua Mountain, home of fruit – Li Mountain (Lishan) can sacred Buddhist sanctuary- Lion Head Mountain, can bring to you the many faces of the island’s beauty.
Taiwan now has 8 National Parks – Yanming Mountain (Yangmingshan) National Park in suburban Taipei, which is famous for its volcanic landscape; the Xueba (Shei-Pa) National Park, a crossing Hsinchu & Miaoli counties that is famous for special ﬁsh species- Formosan Oncorhynchus Masou; located in Hualien county adjacent to Liwu creek;, Taroko National Park is known for its lofty canyon landscape; and crossing many counties in central Taiwan, Yu Mountain (Yushan) National Park is famous for its bright sunshine; located at south tip, Kending (Kenting) National Park gives you a total touch of Southeast Asia; Kinmen National Park which is known for legacies from the war decades ago; The Dongsha Atoll Marine National Park was established in January 2007 at the north tip of the South China Sea, marking the southern portal to the Taiwan Strait. The atoll has a unique white sand landscape formed of coral and shell. Finally, both culture and natural attractions await your discovery at Taijiang National Park.
Besides, National Palace Museum, located on the outskirts of Taipei City, is home to essence of the ﬁve-thousand-year Chinese history. It has the ﬁnest collections of Chinese Arts, providing an eye-opening experience of Chinese culture. Taiwan is somewhere you can experience the amazement of Chinese culture.
The friendly People of Taiwan
aiwan has a population of 23 million. The larger part of the country’s inhabitants are the descendants of immigrants from the various provinces of mainland China, but in particular from the southeastern coastal provinces of Fujian and Guangdong. The initial differences that originally existed between people from different provinces have virtually disappeared through long years of integration. Some 360,000 indigenous people, the original inhabitants of Taiwan, still live in Taiwan; they can be distinguished into 14 different tribes, namely the Amis, the Atayal, the Paiwan, the Bunun, the Puyuma, the Rukai, the Tsou, the Saisiyat, the Yami, the Thao, the Kavalan, the Truku ,the Sakizaya and the Sediq.